May Thurner Syndrome — Early Detection and Treatment is Key
May Thurner Syndrome or MTS, likewise known as iliac vein compression syndrome, is a rare condition that negatively impacts your left common iliac vein.
Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options
MTS can result from the compression of the left iliac vein by the right iliac artery. The pressure forced by the right iliac artery causes narrowing, and sometimes scarring, to your left iliac vein.
When this occurs, you experience swelling or pain in the affected leg. This increases your risk of developing DVT or deep vein thrombosis — a clot that can partly or entirely hinder proper blood circulation to your left iliac vein.
Some people are asymptomatic, which means doctors may not see any symptoms. Others experience swelling, pain, or blood clots in the affected leg. Take note that its symptoms may be similar to those of DVT. Proper diagnosis prior to starting any treatment plan is important. Venous disease treatment options for MTS include:
• Anticoagulation medication:
Doctors may use blood thinners to help dissolve blood clots for proper blood circulation in the affected leg.
• Catheter-Directed Thrombolytic Therapy:
This dissolves clots in the affected veins by utilizing a mechanical tool or injection, or both.
• Angioplasty and Stenting:
Angioplasty widens compressed veins and dissolves clots, while stenting may prevent blockage of the affected vein.
• Vena Cava Filters:
This is an option if you can’t take anticoagulants or if you’re on anticoagulants but still deal with clots. While this can aid in lowering your risk of developing PE or pulmonary embolism, it won’t help in preventing more clots from developing.
May Thurner Syndrome may be diagnosed by conducting several tests, including ultrasound, MRI or magnetic resonance imaging, venography, and CT scans. When identified in its early stages, doctors can aid in its treatment.
Consult your doctor immediately when you notice indications of compressed veins or if you think you’re showing signs of DVT.